Cricket is played in three types. Test, ODI and T20 cricket. Initially only Test cricket matches were played. With time being played over more than one day, the attraction of Test matches among the audience was decreasing. In addition, results like draws in five-day matches were also contributing to the drop in viewership. The advent of ODI and then T20 cricket in such a difficult time has not only increased the thrill of the match but also increased the viewership and revenue manifold. Due to many changes in the style of batsmen, Test matches are now getting higher results than in the beginning. Apart from this, there were various changes in the rules over time. One of them is Powerplay.
First ODI and T20 match
The first ODI match was played on January 5, 1971 in Australia vs England. Also, the first T20 International was played on 17 February 2005 in Australia vs New Zealand. Talking about ODI cricket, Powerplay Rule was used for the first time in 1996 World Cup. With the powerplay rule, more runs were scored in the game and the excitement increased a lot.
Earlier, the powerplay was supposed to be 15 overs
Initially 15 overs were kept for Powerplay. Meanwhile the fielding team was allowed to have a maximum of 2 players outside the 30 yard circle. After the introduction of this rule, more runs were scored in 15 overs, but in the middle overs the pace of runs slowed down and the game started to become boring. Keeping this in mind, a new Powerplay rule was implemented in 2005.
20 overs in the new Powerplay
The new Powerplay is an extension of the old Powerplay rule, which was increased from 15 overs to 20 overs. Not only this, these 20 overs were divided into 3 parts. The powerplay was divided into a mandatory powerplay and two other powerplays of 5-5 overs. The first 10 overs are a compulsory powerplay, in which the bowling team can keep only 2 players outside the 30 yard circle. In the second powerplay it is necessary to keep at most 4 players outside the circle. Also, in the third powerplay, the fielding team can have a maximum of 5 players outside the circle.
A powerplay batting team in 2008
In 2008, the 2005 decision was modified to award one of the 2 powerplays in 5 overs to the batting team. It was named Batting Powerplay. The main reason for this change was to speed up the pace of runs in the middle overs. Keeping this in mind, some teams opted to use the batting powerplay in the last over itself. The ICC made it mandatory in 2011 that both batting and bowling, the powerplay must be taken between 16 and 36 overs.
The batting powerplay rule has been removed by ICC
As such, after the 2015 World Cup, the ICC removed the batting powerplay rule. Now as before there are three powerplays in cricket, which can be used from 1 to 10, 11 to 40 and 41 to 50 overs.
In T20, the first six overs are the Powerplay
Talking about T20 cricket, there is only one powerplay in it. This powerplay is used in the opening 1-6 overs. In this powerplay, the bowling team can keep maximum 2 players outside the 30 yard circle. Also, in the remaining 14 overs i.e. between 7 and 20 overs, the bowling team can keep at most 5 players outside the 30 yard circle. (ICC power play rule of odi and t20 cricket how many changes happened know here)
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